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TWOACK: preventing selfishness in mobile ad hoc networks

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3 Author(s)
K. Balakrishnan ; Security Services Group, Deloitte & Touche LLP, McLean, VA, USA ; Jing Deng ; V. K. Varshney

Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) operate on the basic underlying assumption that all participating nodes fully collaborate in self-organizing functions. However, performing network functions consumes energy and other resources. Therefore, some network nodes may decide against cooperating with others. Providing these selfish nodes, also termed misbehaving nodes, with an incentive to cooperate has been an active research area recently. In this paper, we propose two network-layer acknowledgment-based schemes, termed the TWOACK and the S-TWOACK schemes, which can be simply added-on to any source routing protocol. The TWOACK scheme detects such misbehaving nodes, and then seeks to alleviate the problem by notifying the routing protocol to avoid them in future routes. Details of the two schemes and our evaluation results based on simulations are presented in this paper. We have found that, in a network where up to 40% of the nodes may be misbehaving, the TWOACK scheme results in 20% improvement in packet delivery ratio, with a reasonable additional routing overhead.

Published in:

IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, 2005  (Volume:4 )

Date of Conference:

13-17 March 2005