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Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) correlation, a measure of the similarity of two radar echoes, provides a quantitative measure of surface and subsurface scattering properties and hence surface composition and structure. Correlation is observed by comparing the radar return across several nearby radar image pixels, but estimates of correlation are biased by finite data sample size and any underlying interferometer fringe pattern. We present a method for correcting bias in InSAR correlation measurements resulting in significantly more accurate estimates, so that inverse models of surface properties are more useful. We demonstrate the value of the approach using data collected over Antarctica by the Radarsat spacecraft.
Date of Publication: April 2005