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We have developed a new fabrication method of single-mode self-written waveguide by controlling the propagation mode in an optical fiber. This method is very appropriate for repeatable fabrication of the single-mode self-written waveguide. Since a Gaussian-like near-field pattern is required for the fabrication of a tiny and uniform waveguide core, the propagation mode in a conventional optical communication fiber was controlled by coupling with an optical fiber having 3-μm core, which shows a single-mode operation at visible wavelength region. Single-mode propagation at optical communication wavelength was confirmed for the fabricated self-written waveguide. The evaluated core diameter of the self-written waveguide was ∼9.5 μm.