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This paper focuses on the US Department of Transportation's (DOT) international airport security initiative in Nigeria. Recently, the aviation leadership of Africa, recognizing the need to take aviation security to a higher level, has been working with DOT under the Nigeria Transportation Project (NTP) since 1998. The NTP initiative, a special Nigerian Airport Security Program has been implemented since 2001 using various security technologies as test beds and program enhancements to aviation security. The impact of these technologies are to ensure that Nigerian Airport Security Program will be brought to compliance with existing and post 911 International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) security standards and regulations. The concept of intermediate technologies and mature technologies transfer to emerging countries will be described. The critical security issues facing the aviation security in the uses of technologies, their operations and training will be covered. The technology transfer concept with the uses of a test-bed approach will be detailed. The security technologies covered include perimeter security, passenger screening, immigration/passport document screening, carry-on baggage screening, checked baggage screening and cargo screening. The current, on going and new initiatives on various security measures such as passenger-baggage tracking and reconciling, radio-frequency identification device (RFID) technology, access controls etc., are also be outlined. Also, training using ICAO's aviation security training packages (ASTP), and best practices gained through on-site computer-based training (CBT) of screeners for all related ICAO-type classroom courses, carried out in the NTP are described. Complexity of training of screeners/supervisors for checkpoints, that mirror US checkpoints, taking into account religious, language and political differences, which made this task challenging, are addressed. These include technician training; screener and supervisor training for: X-ray machine - carry-on baggage, checked baggage and cargo, primary and secondary walk-through metal detector, explosive trace detectors (ETD), passenger passport/visa identification/verification systems etc. Insight gained and successes on the deployed security equipmen- t from both technology and process points of view are covered. The impact to aviation security and airports program in specific and to the Federal Airport Authority in Nigeria (FAAN) in general are also addressed. Finally, the inter-governmental technology transfer and intra-governmental lessons learned are summarized.
Date of Conference: 11-14 Oct. 2004