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Catalyst-assisted probabilistic entanglement transformation

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3 Author(s)
Yuan Feng ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Technol., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China ; Duan, R. ; Ying, M.

We are concerned with catalyst-assisted probabilistic entanglement transformations. A necessary and sufficient condition is presented under which there exist partial catalysts that can increase the maximal transforming probability of a given entanglement transformation. We also design an algorithm which leads to an efficient method for finding the most economical partial catalysts with minimal dimension. The mathematical structure of catalyst-assisted probabilistic transformation is carefully investigated.

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 3 )