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Many conventional PET emission scans are corrected for accidental coincidence (AC) events, or randoms, by real-time subtraction of delayed-window coincidences, leaving only the randoms-precorrected data available for image reconstruction. The real-time precorrection compensates in mean for AC events but destroys Poisson statistics. Since the exact log-likelihood for randoms-precorrected data is inconvenient to maximize, practical approximations are desirable for statistical image reconstruction. Conventional approximations involve setting negative sinogram values to zero, which can induce positive systematic biases, particularly for scans with low counts per ray. We propose new likelihood approximations that allow negative sinogram values without requiring zero-thresholding. We also develop monotonic algorithms for the new models by using "optimization transfer" principles. Simulation results show that our new model, SP-, is free of systematic bias yet keeps low variance. Despite its simpler implementation, the new model performs comparably to the saddle-point (SD) model which has previously shown the best performance (as to systematic bias and variance) in randoms-precorrected PET emission reconstruction.
Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2003 IEEE (Volume:5 )
Date of Conference: 19-25 Oct. 2003