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We obtain an algorithm that implements a recursive generating function (RGF) for computing the normalising constant in closed, multi-class, product-form queueing networks with multiple, load-independent servers of the same load. It expresses the generating function of a q-class network in terms of the generating functions of a set of (q-1)-class networks. The result for a multi-class network can therefore be deduced hierarchically by finding the normalising constants of a collection of single class networks. A storage management scheme is devised, based on a depth-first recursion tree traversal, to optimise both time and storage requirements and the numerical precision of the resulting RGF algorithm is investigated. In two-class networks, the space and time requirements of RGF are shown to be smaller than for the convolution and RECAL algorithms when the networks contain a moderate to large number of customers. With more classes, RGF gives better performance than the other two methods in many-node networks that are organised in a few groups of several identical nodes.
Date of Conference: 4-8 Oct. 2004