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In this paper we introduce the concept of the spherical Bragg reflector (SBR) resonator. The resonator is made from multiple layers of spherical dielectric, loaded within a spherical cavity. The resonator is designed to concentrate the energy within the central region of the resonator and away from the cavity walls to minimize conductor losses. A set of simultaneous equations is derived, which allows the accurate calculation of the dimensions of the layers as well as the frequency. The solution is confirmed using finite-element analysis. A Teflon-free space resonator was constructed to prove the concept. The Teflon SBR was designed at 13.86 GHz and exhibited a Q-factor of 22,000, which agreed well with the design values. This represents a factor of 3.5 enhancement over a resonator limited by the loss-tangent of Teflon. Similarly, SBR resonators constructed with low-loss materials could achieve Q-factors of the order of 300,000.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:51 , Issue: 9 )
Date of Publication: Sept. 2004