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Different nanotechnological strategies have been selected to implement biomolecular devices following a bottom-up or top-down approach depending on the biomolecule and on its functionality. Biomolecules have particular functionality and self-assembling capabilities that can be exploited for the implementation of both bioelectronic devices and multipurpose engineered biosurfaces. Surface preparation with supramolecular methods and microcontact printing have been developed and optimised to realise suitable functionalised surfaces. These surfaces can be used to link metalloproteins and enzymes for the implementation of nanobioelectronic devices and planar biosensors or to bind cells in order to promote their growth along predefined tracks and grooves. Some possible applications of these biosurfaces are shown and discussed. Results are presented for the realisation of a biomolecular nanodevice working in air based on the metalloprotein azurin immobilised in the solid state, the formation and characterisation of functional glutamate Dehydrogenase monolayers for nanobiosensing applications, the results of soft lithography processes on azurin for biosensor implementation, and the development of physiological self-assembled patterns of laminin-1 for cell culture applications and hybrid devices.
Date of Publication: 4 June 2004