By Topic

Channeling phenomenon in electromagnetic forward scattering at low grazing

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Smith, J.R. ; Carderock Div., Naval Surface Warfare Center, West Bethesda, MD, USA ; Burkholder, R.J.

Channeling phenomenon is a type of forward scattering and multipath that occasionally occurs when a well-formed sea wave briefly reflects or focuses the out-of-plane energy toward the receiver, yielding a higher than expected, broadband power gain. A series of X-band, forward-scattering measurements in a large wave tank observed multiple channeling events at low grazing angles. The wave tank simulated a one-dimensional, 1/10th-scale Pierson-Moskowitz surface at sea states 0, 3, and 5. During the measurements, channeling events were observed under crosswind wave conditions when a properly constructed wave trough, coinciding with the radar's line of sight, channeled or focused the out-of-plane, forward-scattered energy toward the receiver. Presented is a summary of the channeling events observed and a physical model of the channeling phenomenon based on experimental observations and numerical simulations.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 8 )