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The European Space Agency's Project for On-Board Autonomy is intended to demonstrate a range of innovations in the design, construction, and operation of small satellites. It carries a number of scientific instruments, the most advanced of which is the Compact High-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer. A typical nadir image is 13 km ×13 km in size and has 18 narrow spectral channels at 17-m spatial resolution. When operated at 34-m spatial resolution, the instrument can capture data in 62, almost contiguous, spectral channels. The platform is highly manoeuvrable: along-track pointing allows a given site to be imaged five times during a single overpass, while across-track pointing ensures that the revisit time for a site of interest is less than a week. This unique combination of spectral and angular sampling provides a rich source of data with which to study environmental processes in the atmosphere and at the Earth's surface.