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Nonlinear dichroism of intersubband absorption and its effect on polarisation properties of vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers

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3 Author(s)
Ryvkin, B.S. ; Optoelectronics Res. Centre, Tampere Univ. of Technol., Finland ; Avrutin, E.A. ; Pessa, M.

A mechanism of nonlinear dichroism of net gain in VCSELs, based on polarisation-dependent saturation of intersubband absorption in p-contact layers, is proposed and analysed. The mechanism is due to the dependence of the intersubband absorption coefficient on the mutual orientation of the light polarisation and the momentum of the holes involved in optical transition. Microscopic calculations are used to obtain an approximate analytical expression for the magnitude of the effect. Calculations (performed for typical VCSEL parameters) imply that the proposed mechanism can play a significant part in polarisation switching and bistability in VCSELs.

Published in:

Quantum Electronics Conference, 2003. EQEC '03. European

Date of Conference:

22-27 June 2003