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This paper presents our work in developing an autonomous micromanipulation system. The originality of our system is that it takes advantage of adhesion to grip micro-objects by using a single fingered gripper. This is in fact a tipless cantilever previously designed for atomic force microscopy applications. We describe vision techniques employed to process images provided by an optical microscope, allowing to position accurately the end-effector for a gripping task. A theoretical study of the direct force measurement device and an experimental validation show how we can improve the measurement of impact and contact forces. Then we explain the strategy used to bring the gripper into contact with the object, based on force control and kinematic redundancy. Finally, a simplified model of the release task is proposed in order to determine conditions that allow to roll the object, and then to place it with precision.
Robotics and Automation, 2004. Proceedings. ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on (Volume:5 )
Date of Conference: 26 April-1 May 2004