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Diffraction grating scanner using a micromachined resonator

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4 Author(s)
Guangya Zhou ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Singapore ; Logeeswaran, V.J. ; Tay, F.E.H. ; Fook Siong Chau

We present a micromachined resonant diffraction grating laser scanner that utilizes in-plane angular vibration of a planar diffraction grating causing the diffracted laser beam to scan. The scanner consists of an electrostatic comb-drive microresonator and a diffraction grating plate having a grating period of 4 μm. The proposed micromachined diffraction grating laser scanner has the potential to scan at high frequencies without the optical performance degradation due to dynamic non-rigid-body deformation compared to out-of-plane micromirror scanners. A prototype grating scanner has been fabricated using the Poly-MUMPS process. It is capable of scanning optical angles of 1.31°(1st-order), 2.13°(2nd-order) and 3.42°(3rd-order) at a resonant frequency of 7.67 kHz for a 635-nm-wavelength incident laser beam, when driven by the electrostatic comb-drive push-pull mechanism with 20 V DC bias and 20 V p-p AC voltages. The scanning angle of the device can be significantly increased by reducing the grating period to sub-wavelength level.

Published in:

Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, 2004. 17th IEEE International Conference on. (MEMS)

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