By Topic

Optimal context quantization in lossless compression of image data sequences

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Forchhammer, S. ; Res. Center COM, Tech. Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark ; Xiaolin Wu ; Andersen, J.D.

In image compression context-based entropy coding is commonly used. A critical issue to the performance of context-based image coding is how to resolve the conflict of a desire for large templates to model high-order statistic dependency of the pixels and the problem of context dilution due to insufficient sample statistics of a given input image. We consider the problem of finding the optimal quantizer Q that quantizes the K-dimensional causal context Ct=(Xt-t1,Xt-t2,...,Xt-tK) of a source symbol Xt into one of a set of conditioning states. The optimality of context quantization is defined to be the minimum static or minimum adaptive code length of given a data set. For a binary source alphabet an optimal context quantizer can be computed exactly by a fast dynamic programming algorithm. Faster approximation solutions are also proposed. In case of m-ary source alphabet a random variable can be decomposed into a sequence of binary decisions, each of which is coded using optimal context quantization designed for the corresponding binary random variable. This optimized coding scheme is applied to digital maps and α-plane sequences. The proposed optimal context quantization technique can also be used to establish a lower bound on the achievable code length, and hence is a useful tool to evaluate the performance of existing heuristic context quantizers.

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )