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One of the principal disadvantages of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is very sensitive to frequency offset. Carrier frequency offset can be divided into two parts: an integer one and a fractional one. The integer frequency offset has no effect on the orthogonality among the subcarriers, however causes a circular shift of the received data symbols, resulting in a BER of 0.5. The maximum likelihood (ML) estimation algorithm of the integer frequency offset is derived under the assumption that the channel impairments only consist of additive noise. Simulation results show that it can perform well even in a time-dispersive channel. Its performance is assessed and compared with the conventional method by computer simulations for the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel and a multipath fading channel.
Advanced Information Networking and Applications, 2004. AINA 2004. 18th International Conference on (Volume:2 )
Date of Conference: 29-31 March 2004