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Wind retrieval from Japanese Earth Resources Satellite-1 (JERS-1) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) using an L-band model function in coastal regions is evaluated. It is known that JERS-1 SAR has excessive ambiguities. This paper also gives a quantitative evaluation of excessive ambiguities in coastal scenes of JERS-1 SAR. First, focusing on the cases where wind blows from the shore in Sagami Bay, we investigate phenomena of wind speed increase with offshore distance using European Remote sensing Satellite-1 (ERS-1) SAR-derived wind speeds. The relation between wind speed and offshore distance is well formulated, which indicates the transition of the atmospheric boundary layer from land to sea surface. Wind speeds derived from JERS-1 SAR should be overestimated due to the excessive ambiguity. Then, for observation time of each JERS-1 SAR capturing the cases that wind blows from the shore in Sagami Bay, the expected wind speed growth profile is derived from the wind speed growth formula and an in situ wind observation of Hiratsuka Experiment Station. We convert the wind-speed profile into the sigma-0 profile by an L-band model function. Finally, the profiles of JERS-1 SAR-observed and the estimated sigma-0 are compared, and the excessive ambiguity is estimated as the difference between them. As a result, the dynamic range of first azimuth ambiguity is as large as that of the wind-relating signal from the ocean surface. Moreover, higher order azimuth ambiguities and range ambiguity also may have a significant impact on near-shore wind retrieval.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:42 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: March 2004