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Optimization methods based on iterative schemes can be divided into two classes: line-search methods and trust-region methods. While line-search techniques are commonly found in various vision applications, not much attention is paid to trust-region ones. Motivated by the fact that line-search methods can be considered as special cases of trust-region methods, we propose to establish a trust-region framework for real-time tracking. Our approach is characterized by three key contributions. First, since a trust-region tracking system is more effective, it often yields better performances than the outcomes of other trackers that rely on iterative optimization to perform tracking, e.g., a line-search-based mean-shift tracker. Second, we have formulated a representation model that uses two coupled weighting schemes derived from the covariance ellipse to integrate an object's color probability distribution and edge density information. As a result, the system can address rotation and nonuniform scaling in a continuous space, rather than working on some presumably possible discrete values of rotation angle and scale. Third, the framework is very flexible in that a variety of distance functions can be adapted easily. Experimental results and comparative studies are provided to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method.
Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:26 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: March 2004