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Dynamic behavior analysis in compressed fingerprint videos

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3 Author(s)
Dorai, C. ; Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA ; Ratha, N.K. ; Bolle, R.M.

Traditional fingerprint acquisition is limited to single-image capture and processing. With the advent of faster capture hardware, faster processors, and advances in video compression standards, newer systems can capture and exploit video signals for tasks that are difficult using a single image. We propose the use of fingerprint video sequences to investigate detecting two aspects of the dynamic behavior of fingerprints. Specifically, we are interested in the detection of distortion of fingerprint impressions due to excessive force and the detection of the positioning of fingers during image capture. These issues often lead to difficulties in establishing a precise match between acquired images. The proposed techniques investigate dynamic characteristics of fingerprints across video sequence frames. A significant advantage of our approach for distortion analysis is that it works directly on MPEG-1,-2 encoded fingerprint video bitstreams. The proposed methods have been tested on the NIST-24 live-scan fingerprint video database and the results are promising. We also describe a new concept called the "resultant biometrics", a new type of biometrics which has both a physiological, physical (e.g., force, torque, linear motion, rotation) component and/or a temporal characteristic, added by a subject to an existing biometric. This resultant biometric is both desirable and efficient in terms of easy modification of compromised biometrics and is harder to produce with spoof body parts.

Published in:

Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 1 )