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The paper investigates the effects of packet loss and delay jitter on speech quality in voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) scenarios. A new formula is proposed to quantify these effects and incorporated into ITU-T G.107, the E-model. In the simulation, codecs ITU-T G.723.1 and G.729 are used; random packet loss and Pareto distributed network delay are introduced. The prediction errors range between -0.20 and +0.12 MOS (mean opinion score). The formula extends the coverage of the current E-model, and is very useful in MOS prediction as well as network planning.