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SF6 is blown through the arc during interruption of an SF6 puffer circuit breaker. This hot gas flows down an exhaust tube into the chamber of a dead tank circuit breaker where it can lower the dielectric withstand between the exhaust tube and the tank of the circuit breaker, leading to dielectric breakdown during the transient recovery voltage after clearing. This paper presents experimental evidence that any such breakdown is controlled by the hot gas near the exhaust tube, with cold gas in the remainder of gap having little effect on the breakdown voltage. This experimental conclusion is supported by a detailed theory for conditions under which breakdown can occur.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2004