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This paper presents a new hybrid, synergistic approach in applying computational intelligence concepts to implement a cooperative, hierarchical, multiagent system for real-time traffic signal control of a complex traffic network. The large-scale traffic signal control problem is divided into various subproblems, and each subproblem is handled by an intelligent agent with a fuzzy neural decision-making module. The decisions made by lower-level agents are mediated by their respective higher-level agents. Through adopting a cooperative distributed problem solving approach, coordinated control by the agents is achieved. In order for the multiagent architecture to adapt itself continuously to the dynamically changing problem domain, a multistage online learning process for each agent is implemented involving reinforcement learning, learning rate and weight adjustment as well as dynamic update of fuzzy relations using an evolutionary algorithm. The test bed used for this research is a section of the Central Business District of Singapore. The performance of the proposed multiagent architecture is evaluated against the set of signal plans used by the current real-time adaptive traffic control system. The multiagent architecture produces significant improvements in the conditions of the traffic network, reducing the total mean delay by 40% and total vehicle stoppage time by 50%.