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Producing sculptured surfaces of special parts always poses challenges to machining industry. In this paper, an effective tool path error restraining method utilizing adaptive rules for cutting control is proposed for freeform surface machining. Based on the proposed approach an experimental verification is accomplished in milling a sample part with curved surfaces. Specifically, the parametric spatial curves representing the part's sculptured surface are approximated by sequences of connected line segments. From the current reference point of the cutting tool, the method has the capability of predicting the next reference point of the tool for a given feed. If the predicted position is not within the required tolerance, the algorithm will automatically adjust the position of the cutter so as to satisfy the tolerance requirements using feedback control philosophy. It is proved that the developed adaptive cutting laws are robust in achieving the desired freeform surface cutting with pre-specified tolerance requirements. The given tolerance is measured as the angular deviations to which the generated tool path deviates from the desired profile. Feedrate variations have been implemented in the investigation in the range between 5 mm/second and 30 mm/second. The tool paths generated with and without the adaptive mechanisms are compared. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed tolerance feedback mechanism is very effective for producing parts having curved surfaces.
Robotics and Automation, 2003. Proceedings. ICRA '03. IEEE International Conference on (Volume:3 )
Date of Conference: 14-19 Sept. 2003