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FastLSA: a fast, linear-space, parallel and sequential algorithm for sequence alignment

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6 Author(s)
Driga, A. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Alberta Univ., Edmonton, Alta. ; Lu, P. ; Schaeffer, Jonathan ; Szafron, D.
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Pairwise sequence alignment is a fundamental operation for homology search in bioinformatics. For two DNA or protein sequences of length m and n, full-matrix (FM), dynamic programming alignment algorithms such as Needleman-Wunsch and Smith-Waterman take O(mtimesn) time and use a possibly prohibitive O(timesn) space. Hirschberg's algorithm reduces the space requirements to O(min(m,n)), but requires approximately twice the number of operations required by the FM algorithms. The fast linear space alignment (FastLSA) algorithm adapts to the amount of space available by trading space for operations. FastLSA can effectively adapt to use either linear or quadratic space, depending on the amount of available memory. Our experiments show that, in practice, due to memory caching effects, FastLSA is always as fast or faster than Hirschberg and the FM algorithms. We have also parallelized FastLSA using a simple but effective form of wavefront parallelism. Our experimental results show that Parallel FastLSA exhibits good speedups

Published in:

Parallel Processing, 2003. Proceedings. 2003 International Conference on

Date of Conference:

9-9 Oct. 2003

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