By Topic

A measurement system for odor classification based on the dynamic response of QCM sensors

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
C. Di Nucci ; Dept. of Inf. Eng., Siena Univ., Italy ; A. Fort ; S. Rocchi ; L. Tondi
more authors

In this paper, an innovative measurement system for odor classification, based on quartz crystal microbalances (QCMs), is presented. The application proposed in this paper is the detection of typical wine aroma compounds in mixtures containing ethanol. In QCM sensors, the sensitive layer is, e.g., a polymeric layer deposited on a quartz surface. Chemical mixtures are sorbed in the sensitive layer, inducing a change in the polymer mass and, therefore, in the quartz resonance frequency. In this paper, the frequency shift is measured by a dedicated, fully digital front-end hardware implementing a technique that allows reducing the measurement time while maintaining a high-frequency resolution . The developed system allows, therefore, measuring variations of the QCM resonance frequency shifts during chemical transients obtained with abrupt changes in odor concentration. Hence, the reaction kinetics can be exploited to enhance the sensor selectivity. In this paper, some measurements obtained with an array of four sensors with different polymeric sensitive layers are presented. An exponential fitting of the transient responses is used for feature extraction. Finally, to reduce data dimensionality, principal component analysis is used.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 4 )