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Personal area networks would benefit from a wireless communication system in which a variety of information could be exchanged through wearable electronic devices and sensors. Intra-body communication using the human body as the transmission medium enables wireless communication without transmitting radio waves through the air. A human arm phantom is designed and used to reduce uncertainty in experiments with the human body. The phantom exhibits transmission characteristics similar to those of the human body at frequencies between 1 MHz and 10 MHz. A 10.7 MHz frequency modulation (FM) intra-body transmitter and receiver are developed which allow transmission of analog sine waves even in the presence of external noise. Digital data transmission at 9600 bps was also achieved using newly fabricated 10.7 MHz frequency shift keying (FSK) transmitter and receiver devices. The carrier frequency of 10.7 MHz, which is the intermediate frequency in FM radio receivers, means that a wide selection of commercial radio frequency (RF) devices is available.
TRANSDUCERS, Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, 12th International Conference on, 2003 (Volume:2 )
Date of Conference: 8-12 June 2003