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Training locked-in patients: a challenge for the use of brain-computer interfaces

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2 Author(s)
Neumann, N. ; Inst. of Med. Psychol. & Behavioral Neurobiol., Univ. of Tubingen, Germany ; Kubler, A.

Training severely paralyzed patients to use a brain-computer interface (BCI) for communication poses a number of issues and problems. Over the past six years, we have trained 11 patients to self-regulate their slow cortical brain potentials and to use this skill to move a cursor on a computer screen. This paper describes our experiences with this patient group including the problems of accepting and rejecting patients, communicating and interacting with patients, how training may be affected by social, familial, and institutional circumstances, and the importance of motivation and available reinforcers.

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Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 2 )