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Achieving near-capacity on a multiple-antenna channel

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2 Author(s)
Hochwald, B.M. ; Lucent Technol. Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; ten Brink, S.

Recent advancements in iterative processing of channel codes and the development of turbo codes have allowed the communications industry to achieve near-capacity on a single-antenna Gaussian or fading channel with low complexity. We show how these iterative techniques can also be used to achieve near-capacity on a multiple-antenna system where the receiver knows the channel. Combining iterative processing with multiple-antenna channels is particularly challenging because the channel capacities can be a factor of ten or more higher than their single-antenna counterparts. Using a "list" version of the sphere decoder, we provide a simple method to iteratively detect and decode any linear space-time mapping combined with any channel code that can be decoded using so-called "soft" inputs and outputs. We exemplify our technique by directly transmitting symbols that are coded with a channel code; we show that iterative processing with even this simple scheme can achieve near-capacity. We consider both simple convolutional and powerful turbo channel codes and show that excellent performance at very high data rates can be attained with either. We compare our simulation results with Shannon capacity limits for ergodic multiple-antenna channel.

Published in:

Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 3 )