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Propagation of ultrasonic waves through demineralized cancellous bone

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3 Author(s)
Mohamed, M.M. ; Med. Res. Inst., Alexandria Univ., Egypt ; Shaat, L.T. ; Mahmoud, A.N.

Ultrasonic velocity is determined in a number of bovine cancellous (spongy) bone samples by using a double-probe-through-transmission ultrasonic pulse technique. The ultrasonic velocity, total mineral content, bone density, and solid volume fraction of the specimen were determined. The relation between fast velocity and each of the other parameters was examined to explore the best correlation using linear, logarithmic, power, and exponential relationships. There is a strong positive relationship between ultrasonic velocity and each of the other parameters. The exponential model fits the data better than the linear model, logarithmic model, and power model. Biot's theory also is used to predict the velocity of ultrasound in the demineralized bone. It is shown that the transmission of ultrasonic pulses in the cancellous bone samples can be adequately described using Biot's theory. The different parameters occurring in the Biot theory have been measured independently, and the calculation has been compared with measured velocity of water-saturated bone samples. The correlation coefficients for regression analysis between the experimental velocities and those predicted by Biot's theory are greater than 0.86.

Published in:

Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 3 )