Skip to Main Content
Comparing protein structures in three dimensions is a computationally expensive process that makes a full scan of a protein against a library of known protein structures impractical. To reduce the cost, we can use an approximation of the three dimensional structure that allows protein comparison to be performed quickly to filter away dissimilar proteins. In this paper we present a new algorithm, called SCALE, for protein structure comparison. In SCALE, a protein is represented as a sequence of secondary structure elements (SSEs) augmented with 3D structural properties such as the distances and angles between the SSEs. As such, the comparison between two proteins is reduced to a sequence alignment problem between their corresponding sequences of SSEs. The 3-D structural properties of the proteins contribute to the similarity score between the two sequences. We have implemented SCALE, and compared its performance against existing schemes. Our performance study shows that SCALE outperforms existing methods in terms of both efficiency and effectiveness (measured in terms of precision and recall).
Date of Conference: 10-12 March 2003