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Direction of arrival estimation by eigenstructure methods requires knowledge of the array covariance matrix and an exact characterization of the array in terms of geometry, sensor gain and phase, etc. It often happens that the actual sensor gain and phase are perturbed from their assumed nominal values. If eigenstructure methods are applied with incorrect sensor parameters, the method essentially breaks down or at best gives poor results. We propose a new approach which uses information in the observed covariance matrix to correct for these effects. This method yields substantially improved performance, a fact illustrated by the results of computer simulations.
Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on ICASSP '85. (Volume:10 )
Date of Conference: Apr 1985