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Two-level DP-matching--A dynamic programming-based pattern matching algorithm for connected word recognition

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1 Author(s)
Sakoe, H. ; Nippon Electric Company, Kawasaki, Japan

This paper reports a pattern matching approach to connected word recognition. First, a general principle of connected word recognition is given based on pattern matching between unknown continuous speech and artificially synthesized connected reference patterns. Time-normalization capability is allowed by use of dynamic programming-based time-warping technique (DP-matching). Then, it is shown that the matching process is efficiently carried out by breaking it down into two steps. The derived algorithm is extensively subjected to recognition experiments. It is shown in a talker-adapted recognition experiment that digit data (one to four digits) connectedly spoken by five persons are recognized with as high as 99.6 percent accuracy. Computation time and memory requirement are both proved to be within reasonable limits.

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Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 6 )