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Techniques for Packet Voice Synchronization

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1 Author(s)
Montgomery, W. ; AT&T Bell Laboratories, IL

Packet switching has been proposed as an effective technology for integrating voice and data in a single network. An important aspect of packet-switched voice is the reconstruction of a continuous stream of speech from the set of packets that arrive at the destination terminal, each of which may encounter a different amount of buffering delay in the packet network. The magnitude of the variation in delay may range from a few milliseconds in a local area network to hundreds of milliseconds in a long-haul packet voice and data network. This paper discusses several aspects of the packet voice synchronization problem, and techniques that can be used to address it. These techniques estimate in some way the delay encountered by each packet and use the delay estimate to determine how speech is reconstructed. The delay estimates produced by these techniques can be used in managing the flow of information in the packet network to improve overall performance. Interactions of packet voice synchronization techniques with other network design issues are also discussed.

Published in:

Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 6 )