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Adaptive resolution of mainlobe and sidelobe detections using model order determination

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This work presents the development and performance evaluation of a methodology for distinguishing between mainlobe and sidelobe detections that arise in adaptive radar systems operating in adverse environments. Various adaptive detection test statistics such as the adaptive matched filter (AMF), the generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT), and adaptive coherence estimate (ACE), and combinations of these, have been previously analyzed with respect to their sidelobe rejection capabilities. In contrast to these methods which are based on detecting a single target with known direction and Doppler, the present method uses model order determination techniques applied to the AMF or GLRT data observed over the range of unknown angle and Doppler parameters. The determination of model order, i.e., the number of signals present in the data, is made by using least-squares model fit error residuals and applying the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC). Comprehensive computer simulation results are presented which demonstrate substantial improvement in sidelobe rejection performance and detections of multiple sources compared with previous methods.

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IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 4 )