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Intermetallic Growth and Contact Resistance of Tin Contacts After Aging

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4 Author(s)
Lindborg, U. ; L M Ericsson Telephone Company,Sweden ; Asthner, B. ; Lind, L. ; Revay, L.

The microstructure and the X-ray diffraction properties were studied for tin electroplates deposited from bright acid baths as well as from a stannate bath. Aging at 50°C for 7 years, largely converted 5µm coatings to various intermetallic compounds: Cu6Sn5and Cu3Sn or Ni3Sn4depending on the substrate. Dull tin electroplates showed low contact resistance also after aging in spite of a large proportion intermetallic phase at the surface. Bright tin from acid sulphate baths of three different formulations and in particular a tin-nickel alloy coating showed high contact resistances after aging. It seems very doubtful that bright tin could replace gold. Dull tin or tin-lead may offer better chances.

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Parts, Hybrids, and Packaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 1 )