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In data transmission and storage systems, combined error correction and detection procedures are often used to provide high reliability. This paper considers the use of separate concatenated codes and for error correction and detection, respectively. It examines the error detection performance of code to determine how the probability of undetected error depends on the choice of and . A comparison is made of the probability of undetected error achievable by code with and without error correction, respectively. Asymptotic bounds for low bit error rates are developed which provide criteria to be considered when choosing codes and .