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Effect of orienting fields on agglomeration in dilute dispersions of magnetic fine particles

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3 Author(s)
E. Van Keuren ; Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; A. B. Bortz ; S. H. Charap

Static light scattering was used to investigate dilute dispersions of fine gamma -Fe2O3 magnetic particles. The particles were acicular and on average 0.39 mu m long and 0.056 mu m in diameter. They were dispersed in organic solvents at concentrations of approximately 10-4 vol%, corresponding to an average interparticle separation of 9 mu m. Computer programs using a coupled dipole algorithm to predict the scattering from the particles were written. Experimental results do not agree with computer calculations of the light scattering from single particles, but are consistent with scattering from thick ropelike agglomerates of particles. The size of these agglomerates was estimated after 10 s to be less than 100 particles, while the thickness of the ropes is at least 5 particles.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 4 )