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Blind detection of a desired user's signal in a multirate direct sequence code division multiple access (DS-CDMA) system [using either variable sequence length (VSL) or multicode (MC) access] is considered. A code-constrained inverse filter criterion (IFC)-based blind detector for equal-rate CDMA signals to detect a desired user's signal was presented by Tugnait and Li (2001). The IFC method exploits the higher order statistics of the data. In multirate CDMA systems, a high-rate user signal may be treated as the superposition of several virtual basic-rate signals. The code-constrained IFC-based detector may be used to detect a given basic-rate virtual signal. This, however, does not solve the problem of combining the detected virtual basic-rate signals to yield the original high-rate signal since the former may be delayed by different equalization delays, may be multiply extracted, and may be in different "order." In this paper, novel approaches combining the code-constrained IFC and a penalty function are developed to cope with this problem for VSL and MC multirate access methods. Global minima of the proposed cost functions are analyzed. Three illustrative simulation examples are presented, including an example where the proposed algorithms are compared with an existing subspace approach (and its modifications), a clairvoyant matched filter receiver, and a known channel linear minimum mean-square error (MMSE) receiver.
Date of Publication: Sep 2002