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Robust supervisory control policies for manufacturing systems with unreliable resources

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2 Author(s)
Lawley, M.A. ; Sch. of Ind. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA ; Sulistyono, W.

Manufacturing practitioners and researchers have recognized the need to develop effective supervisory controllers for automated manufacturing systems. One active area of research has been developing deadlock avoidance methods for these systems. Almost all work to date has assumed that allocated resources do not fail. In this paper, we consider deadlock and blocking problems in systems with unreliable resources. Our objective is to develop supervisory control policies that allocate resources so that the failure of any given resource does not propagate through blocking to effectively stall other portions of the system. In other words, when a resource fails, we want the system to automatically continue producing all part types that do not require the failed resource. To accomplish this, the supervisory controller must ensure safety for the original system while avoiding states that do not serve as feasible initial states for the reduced system when an unreliable resource fails. The policy must then ensure safety for the reduced system while avoiding states that do not serve as feasible initial states for the original system so that transition to normal operation is smooth when the failed resource is restored. This paper illustrates this class of problems through several examples, identifies properties that controllers must satisfy to deal effectively with these problems, and develops two polynomial control policies that satisfy these properties

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Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 3 )