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Directed graphs and motion description languages for robot navigation

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2 Author(s)
Hristu-Varsakelis, D. ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA ; Andersson, S.

We propose a landmark-based representation of maps to be used for robot navigation and exploration. Our approach is aimed towards mobile robots that operate over expansive, imprecisely known terrain without a single "global" map. Instead, a map is pieced together from local terrain and navigation data stored in a directed graph. Each of the graph's vertices contains information describing a landmark locally (e.g. a detailed map of that landmark's immediate surroundings). The geometric relationships between landmarks are unknown. Graph edges store language-based directions that enable a robot to steer between landmarks. These directions are written in the motion description language MDLe, reducing the complexity of the map and making navigation programs robot-independent. Furthermore, the proposed architecture is economical with respect to the amount of storage required to describe far-flung areas of interest. We present preliminary results demonstrating our ideas using an indoor robot

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, 2002. Proceedings. ICRA '02. IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference: