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Impact of attenuation and scatter correction in SPECT for quantification of cerebral blood flow using 99mTc-Ethyl Cysteinate Dimer

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8 Author(s)
Shidahara, M. ; Dept. of Investigative Radiol., Nat. Cardiovascular Center, Japan ; Watabe, H. ; Kyeong Min Kim ; Hachiya, T.
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We investigated the effects of attenuation correction and scatter correction on rCBF values with 99mTc-ECD SPECT imaging. Scans were performed on seven subjects, in the presence of 99mTc-ECD. Quantitative K1 images were computed using the reconstructed images and the input function obtained with the frequent arterial blood sampling method. The images were reconstructed by the ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM) reconstruction in which uniform and segmented μ maps were used for attenuation correction with and without scatter correction. The transmission-dependent convolution subtraction technique was utilized for scatter correction. Segmented and uniform μ maps were generated from magnetic resonance (MR) images. We also produced uniform μ maps using ECD images obtained at various threshold levels and μ values (0.11, 0.15, and 0.172 cm-1). Scatter correction improved the image contrast dramatically. There were no significant differences between K1 images with attenuation and scatter corrections assuming a uniform μ map (not 0.15 but 0.172 cm-1) and those corrected with segmented μ maps for most regions. However, in the former images, values were overestimated for deep structures (e.g., overestimation of 9.5% in the striatum and 7.3% in the central semi oval). This small but significant error was also observed in phantom studies and Monte Carlo simulations. We show that the overestimation using uniform μ maps is due to the weight of the path length in the bone. Absolute K1 values were sensitive to the threshold level when the edge of the brain was determined from the ECD images, but the variation of the estimated K1 was ±9.0% when the optimal threshold level was selected. This study suggests that the use of uniform attenuation μ maps provides reasonable accuracy, despite a small but significant error in deep structure regions, and that uniform μ maps may be provided from the emission data alone in this patient population

Published in:

Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Feb 2002

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