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Performance enhancements to the UMTS (W-CDMA) initial cell search algorithm

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2 Author(s)
Kiessling, M. ; Res. Dept., Wireless Syst., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Mujtaba, S.A.

The purpose of the cell search algorithm in UMTS is to estimate the spreading code of the serving base-station and its corresponding timing offset. The search procedure consists of 3 sequential and distinct stages: (1) slot-boundary synchronization, (2) frame-boundary synchronization with code-group identification, and (3) scrambling code identification. Algorithms that have appeared in literature for cell search have confined the "code-time" estimation in each stage to a single hypothesis. Furthermore, these algorithms have neither considered the benefits of oversampling, nor the detrimental effects of non-ideal sampling that may arise due to clock jitter and/or residual frequency offset. We study the performance benefits of estimating multiple "code-time" hypotheses in each stage of the cell-search process. In addition, we also study the effect of oversampling and non-ideal sampling. Our results indicate that, in the presence of non-ideal sampling, performance improves significantly if the received signal is oversampled by a factor of 4 or more. We also show that estimating 4 "code-time" hypotheses instead of 1 in the cell-search stages reduces the search-time (i.e. the code-acquisition time) considerably, in particular at low SINR

Published in:

Communications, 2002. ICC 2002. IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

2002