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A technique to predict gate oxide reliability using fast on-line ramped QBD testing

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5 Author(s)
E. Mullen ; Analog Devices, Limerick, Ireland ; C. Leveugle ; J. Molyneaux ; J. Prendergast
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Various methods of measuring the dielectric integrity of gate oxide to qualify wafer fabrication foundries have developed over time. Test durations range from seconds to hours depending on the conditions used and applied. There is a view that the longer the test duration the more accurate the reliability prediction. The cost and delays associated with the lengthy package level TDDB (time dependent dielectric breakdown) test have resulted in it being applied less often and being replaced by wafer level tests. This paper evaluates two methods of wafer level tests, namely: ramped QBD testing applying a fixed initial current (as generally used in the production environment); ramped QBD testing applying a fixed initial current density (more commonly reported in the literature). The above tests are compared to the package level constant voltage TDDB test. This paper provides a thorough investigation into the oxide area dependency for both QBD and TDDB tests. This paper also investigates the potential correlation between both the QBD and TDDB tests. Finally, these correlations are used to implement on-line control equations that can be utilised by manufacturing to quickly compare their QBD results to required product lifetimes.

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Reliability Physics Symposium Proceedings, 2002. 40th Annual

Date of Conference: