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Specular coherent and noncoherent optimal detection for unresolved multipath Ricean fading channels

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2 Author(s)
Danilo-Lemoine, F.A. ; Dept. of Syst. & Comput. Eng., Carleton Univ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada ; Leib, H.

This paper considers specular coherent and noncoherent optimal detection for unresolved multipath Ricean fading channels with known delays. The focus is on receiver structures and performance. Specular coherent detection employs the carrier phase of the Ricean specular component, while noncoherent detection does not. Therefore, a specular coherent detector must be augmented with a carrier phase estimator for the specular component. The structures considered are generalization of the well-known RAKE receiver to the unresolved multipath case. It is shown that both optimal structures perform a decorrelation operation before combining, which is essential to eliminating error floors under multipath unresolvability conditions. Furthermore, the noncoherent optimal receiver includes an inherent estimator for the specular component phasor. It is shown that the specular coherent and noncoherent structures converge at high SNR. This result is confirmed through analytical and numerical performance evaluation. Little performance gains can be obtained by the use of specular coherent detection for orthogonal frequency-shift keying and to a lesser extent for differential phase-shift keying over mixed mode Ricean/Rayleigh fading channels, making noncoherent demodulation attractive in these cases

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 4 )