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Built-in test sequence generation for synchronous sequential circuits based on loading and expansion of input sequences using single and multiple fault detection times

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2 Author(s)
Pomeranz, I. ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA ; Reddy, S.M.

We describe an on-chip test generation scheme for synchronous sequential circuits that allows at-speed testing of such circuits. The proposed scheme is based on loading of (short) input sequences into an on-chip memory and expansion of these sequences on-chip into test sequences. Complete coverage of modeled faults is achieved by basing the selection of the loaded sequences on a deterministic test sequence T0 and ensuring that every fault detected by T0 is detected by the expanded version of at least one loaded sequence. Specifically, each input sequence S is constructed based on a different fault f and is extracted from T0 around a time unit where f is detected by T0. Experimental results presented for benchmark circuits show that the length of the sequence that needs to be stored on-chip at any given time is, on the average, 11 percent of the length of T0 and that the total length of all the loaded sequences is, on the average, 48 percent of the length of T0. These results are obtained by extracting each sequence S around the first detection time of a target fault f. These results are further improved by considering several time units for every target fault f and selecting the shortest possible sequence based on f

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Computers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 4 )