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Spread-space holographic CDMA technique: basic analysis and applications

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2 Author(s)
Abtahi, M. ; Iran Telecom Res. Center, Tehran, Iran ; Salehi, J.A.

We analyze the basic principles of the spread-space holographic code division multiple access (CDMA) technique. We describe the structure of the encoder and decoder and present a basic mathematical analysis based on spatial harmonic decomposition for the receiver's processing module, which is comprised of a Fourier transform lens and a holographic matched filter. Subsequently, we study two applications of optical holographic CDMA, namely, free-space holographic CDMA photonic switch and free-space (wireless) multiaccess optical (infrared) indoor communications. For both techniques, we describe the two-dimensional imaging techniques, namely user's code transmission, and highlight the basic parameters and components that need to be optimized. To obtain the bit-error rate (BER) of the proposed application, we first evaluate the probability density function of multiuser interference and then evaluate the BER as a function of the processing gain, number of users, the received power, and the optimum threshold. For BER ≈ 10-9, the result shows an extraordinary number of users that can be supported via holographic CDMA, for both applications

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Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 2 )