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Data throughputs using multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) techniques in a noise-limited cellular environment

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3 Author(s)
Catreux, S. ; Iospan Wireless, San Jose, CA, USA ; Driessen, P.F. ; Greenstein, L.J.

We present a general framework to quantify the data throughput capabilities of a wireless communication system when it combines: (1) multiple transmit signals; (2) adaptive modulation for each signal; and (3) adaptive array processing at the receiver. We assume a noise-limited environment, corresponding to either an isolated cell or a multicell system whose out-of-cell interference is small compared with the thermal noise. We focus on the user data throughput, in bits per second/Hertz (bps/Hz), and its average over multipath fading, which we call the user spectral efficiency. First, an analysis method is developed to find the probability distribution and mean value of the spectral efficiency over the user positions and shadow fadings, both as a function of user distance from its serving base station and averaged over the cell coverage area. We assume fading conditions and receiver processing that lend themselves to closed-form analysis. The resulting formulas are simple and straightforward to compute, and they provide a number of valuable insights. Next, we run Monte Carlo simulations, both to confirm the analysis and to treat cases less amenable to simple analysis. A key contribution of this paper is a simple formula for the mean spectral efficiency in terms of the propagation exponent, mean signal-to-noise ratio at the cell boundary, number of antennas, and type of coding. Under typical propagation conditions, the mean spectral efficiency using three transmit and three receive antennas ranges from 19.2 bps/Hz (uncoded) to 26.8 bps/Hz (ideally coded), highlighting the potential benefits of multiple transmissions combined with adaptive techniques. This is much higher than the spectral efficiencies for a link using a single transmitter and a threefold receive diversity under the same conditions, where the range is from 8.77 bps/Hz to 11.4 bps/Hz. Moreover, the latter results are not nearly as practical to achieve, as they can for large signal constellations that would be highly vulnerable to impairments

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Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 2 )