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A simplified method for estimating the total water vapor content over sea surfaces using NOAA-AVHRR channels 4 and 5

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4 Author(s)
Sobrino, J.A. ; Dept. of Thermodynamics, Valencia Univ., Spain ; Jimenez, J.C. ; Raissouni, N. ; Soria, G.

A simplified method for estimating the total amount of atmospheric water vapor, W, over sea surfaces using NOAA-AVHRR Channels 4 and 5 is presented. This study has been carried out using simulated AVHRR data at 11 and 12 μm (with MODTRAN 3.5 code and the TIGR database) and AVHRR, PODAAC, and AVISO databases provided by the Louis Pasteur University (Strasbourg-France), NASA-NOAA, and Meteo France, respectively. The method is named linear atmosphere-surface temperature relationship (LASTR). It is based on a linear relationship between the effective atmospheric temperature in AVHRR Channel 4 and sea surface temperature. The LASTR method was compared with the linear split-window relationship (LSWR), which is based on a linear regression between W and the difference of brightness temperature measured in the same channels (ΔT=T4-TS). The results demonstrate the advantage of the LASTR method, which is capable of estimating W from NOAA-14 afternoon passes with a bias accuracy of 0.5 g cm-2 and a standard deviation of 0.3 g cm-2, compared with the W obtained by the AVISO database. In turn, a global bias accuracy of 0.1 g cm-2 and a standard deviation within 0.6 g cm-2 have been obtained in comparison with the W included in the PODAAC database derived from the special sensor microwave/imager (SSM/I) instrument

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 2 )