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Solving constraint optimization problems from CLP-style specifications using heuristic search techniques

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5 Author(s)
P. Dasgupta ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Indian Inst. of Technol., Kharagpur, India ; P. P. Chakrabarti ; A. Dey ; S. Ghose
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Presents a framework for efficiently solving logic formulations of combinatorial optimization problems using heuristic search techniques. In order to integrate cost, lower-bound and upper-bound specifications with conventional logic programming languages, we augment a constraint logic programming (CLP) language with embedded constructs for specifying the cost function and with a few higher-order predicates for specifying the lower and upper bound functions. We illustrate how this simple extension vastly enhances the ease with which optimization problems involving combinations of Min and Max can be specified in the extended language CLP* and we show that CSLDNF (Constraint SLD resolution with Negation as Failure) resolution schemes are not efficient for solving optimization problems specified in this language. Therefore, we describe how any problem specified using CLP* can be converted into an implicit AND/OR graph, and present an algorithm called GenSolve which can branch-and-bound using upper and lower bound estimates, thus exploiting the full pruning power of heuristic search techniques. A technical analysis of GenSolve is provided. We also provide experimental results comparing various control strategies for solving CLP* programs

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IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 2 )