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An authentication logic with formal semantics supporting synchronization, revocation, and recency

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2 Author(s)
Stubblebine, S.G. ; Stubblebine Consulting, Madison, NJ, USA ; Wright, R.N.

Distributed systems inherently involve dynamic changes to the value of security-relevant attributes such as the goodness of encryption keys, trustworthiness of participants, and synchronization between principals. Since concurrent knowledge is usually infeasible or impractical, it is often necessary for the participants of distributed protocols to determine and act on beliefs that may not be supported by the current state of the system. Policies for determining beliefs in such situations can range from extremely conservative, such as only believing statements if they are very recent, to extremely optimistic, such as believing all statements that are not yet known to be revoked. Such security policies often are heavily dependent on timing of received messages and on synchronization between principals. We present a logic for analyzing cryptographic protocols that has the capability to specify time and synchronization details. This capability considerably advances the scope of known techniques both for expressing practical authentication policies of protocol participants as constraints and for reasoning about protocol goals subject to these constraints

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Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 3 )